Brief Description of Landmine Problem

  • The number of mine and UXO casualties was 352 in 2007
  • The greatest concentration of mines is along the K5 mine belt created by the Vietnamese-backed government in the 1980s and stretching 700km along the western and northern border with Thailand.
  • Humanitarian demining in Cambodia is conducted by three NGOs: CMAC, HALO, and MAG.

Geography and Climate

  • Cambodia is part of the monsoon Asia and tropical climatic zones, with pronounced wet and dry seasons. The dry season is between November and April. Rain falls mainly in May-June and around September-October. The heaviest precipitation is recorded along the coast, where it averages between 2,000 and 3,800 mm/year. In the central plain, annual precipitation is between 1,000 and 1,400 mm/year.
  • The Cardamom Mountains in the southwest, oriented generally in a northwest-southeast direction, rise to more than 1,500 meters.
  • The mountain regions have dense evergreen mountain forests
  • Swamp forest and inundated shrubland around the large central lake and rivers
  • Border with Thailand consist of evergreen forest (rain forests) and deciduous forest
  • central and southern portion of country is rice fields and spotted deciduous forest
  • Northern part of the country consist of evergreen forest (rain forests) and deciduous forests

The one and only mine that is made in Cambodia!


Combined terrain map and data from north west mine incidents

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