Cambodia

Brief Description of Landmine Problem

  • The number of mine and UXO casualties was 352 in 2007
  • The greatest concentration of mines is along the K5 mine belt created by the Vietnamese-backed government in the 1980s and stretching 700km along the western and northern border with Thailand.
  • Humanitarian demining in Cambodia is conducted by three NGOs: CMAC, HALO, and MAG.

Geography and Climate

  • Cambodia is part of the monsoon Asia and tropical climatic zones, with pronounced wet and dry seasons. The dry season is between November and April. Rain falls mainly in May-June and around September-October. The heaviest precipitation is recorded along the coast, where it averages between 2,000 and 3,800 mm/year. In the central plain, annual precipitation is between 1,000 and 1,400 mm/year.
  • The Cardamom Mountains in the southwest, oriented generally in a northwest-southeast direction, rise to more than 1,500 meters.
  • The mountain regions have dense evergreen mountain forests
  • Swamp forest and inundated shrubland around the large central lake and rivers
  • Border with Thailand consist of evergreen forest (rain forests) and deciduous forest
  • central and southern portion of country is rice fields and spotted deciduous forest
  • Northern part of the country consist of evergreen forest (rain forests) and deciduous forests

The one and only mine that is made in Cambodia!
KN-10

Cambodia

Combined terrain map and data from north west mine incidents

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