Chile

The Mine Problem

  • Expected to be over 200 minefields covering 26k square meters and containing 107,398 mines
  • Contaminated areas are difficult to access and mostly unpopulated
  • Minefields are found in Chile‚Äôs northern border with Peru and Bolivia and on the southern border with Argentina in Patagonia
  • Between 1976 and 2000, 76 people were reportedly injured and 12 killed by landmines

Terrain and Climate

  • Southern Chile is made up of forests, grazing lands, and a string of volcanoes and lakes
  • The Andes Mountains are located on the eastern border
  • Chile hosts at least seven major climatic subtypes, including desert in the north, alpine tundra and glaciers in the east and south east, humid subtropical in Easter Island, Oceanic in the south and Mediterranean climate in central Chile
  • Some minefields in the north are located as high as 5,000m above sea level.[15] Seventeen minefields have been identified on five islands in Region XII (Magallanes and Chilean Antarctic), including Hornos Island
  • Climatic conditions on these islands are severe all year round and limit mine clearance to only a few weeks a year

Common Mines:
M14
M16
PMA-3
PMR-2A
PROM 1

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