Nicaragua

Common Mines
OZM 4
PMD6
PMN 2
POMZ 2
TAP-4

The Problem

  • Nicaragua becameis the most heavily mined country in Central America
  • Approximately 64,000 landmines remain
  • Most of the mine-affected area is confined to the northern and southern borders, and to the central departments of Esteli, Jinotega and Matagalpa.

Terrain

  1. Atlantic coastal plains rising to central interior mountains
  2. Narrow Pacific coastal plain with volcanoes
  3. Many mined regions characterized by rugged terrain with numerous dispersed communities, only accessible by foot or horseback
  4. Runoff causes movement of mines from original positions
  5. Growth of dense vegetation in minefields also creates difficulty

Nicaragua receives aid from the Organization of American States (OAS)/Inter-American Defense Board (IADB), the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Leahy War Victims Fund and the Pan American Health Organization

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